Italy also agreed and signed on 21 August following a decisive diplomatic offensive by Britain and France.  The surprising reversal of opinion is due to the growing belief that countries could not comply with the agreement anyway.  Admiral Erich Raeder called on the federal government to further support the nationalists, and then push Europe to the brink of war or abandon the nationalists. On the 24th, Germany signed.   According to the information received here, Russia has already ceased its subscription in the name of the Spanish “loyalists”. The difficulties raised by Portugal are faced by Anglo-French assurances that they do not have to feel fear so that their territory is not violated. Germany, it seems, is no longer an obstacle to an agreement. Italy is therefore alone as the only obstacle power. But it is assumed that the difficulties raised by the conditions it has set will be overcome. While it is true that, in the name of international freedom and in the name of French security, we must at all costs prevent the rebellion from succeeding on Spanish soil, I say that the conclusions of Mr Gabriel Peri and Mr Thorez (Communist Party) do not go far enough. It is not enough to denounce the non-interference agreement.
It is not enough to restore the free exchange of arms between France and Spain. The free exchange of arms between France and Spain would be far from sufficient aid. No! To ensure the success of republican legality in Spain, it would be necessary to go further, much further. We should take a much bigger step. We, members of the British working class of the British battalion of the International Brigade, who are currently fighting in Spain to defend democracy, protest against statements in some British newspapers that there is little or no interference by foreign fascist powers in the civil war in Spain. . . .